Over 3 million workers a year die because of their work and tens of millions more suffer injuries and ill health. This victory, from a sustained three-year campaign by trade unions, professionals and practitioners and victims’ families, will begin to turn that deadly tide.
It adds the right to a healthy and safe working environment to the four rights adopted in 1998 by the International Labour Organization (ILO):
- Freedom of association and the effective recognition of the right to collective bargaining.
- The elimination of forced or compulsory labour.
- The abolition of child labour.
- The elimination of discrimination in respect of employment and occupation.
The ILC, which brings together unions, employers’ representatives and governments from the member states, also adopted ILO Convention 155 on occupational health and safety and Convention 187 on promoting health and safety as ‘fundamental conventions’ that all ILO member countries are obliged to uphold.
Such conventions are also often included in trade agreements, international financing rules and global supply chain standards.
ITUC General Secretary Sharan Burrow said: “The COVID-19 pandemic showed beyond doubt that action was needed to protect workers who are all too often forced to choose between their health and their livelihood. No one should die just to make a living.
“Workers and unions around the world have marked International Workers’ Memorial Day every 28 April mourning the dead and fighting for the living. Now we should celebrate this win and get down to making these rights effective.”
Unions will now campaign to increase the number of countries ratifying and implementing all ILO health and safety conventions, giving workers the right to consultation over risk assessments, eradication of toxic chemicals and toxic work organisation including long hours, as well as free protective equipment and training and the right to refuse dangerous work.
Unions will also campaign to extend access to occupational health services beyond the 20% of workers worldwide who currently have it, as well as universal sick pay from day one, more powers for union workplace safety reps and more joint safety committees.